Kinnow

Kinnow is a Citrus fruit variety Mandarin majorly grown in the province of Punjab. Pakistan is the sixth largest producer of Kinow (mandarin) and oranges in the world, with 2.1 million tons. Pakistan world mandarin and oranges market share during the year 1997 was 0.9 percent and 3.6 percent in terms of value and volume respectively. Pakistan is also the largest producer of ‘Citrus Reticula’ variety (Kinow), this unique variety of citrus is indigenous to this part of the world. According to an estimate approx. 95 percent of the total Kinow produced all over the world is grown in Pakistan.

Citrus cultivars are grown in varying quantities in countries with tropical or sub tropical climate. Citrus stands first in area and production among the worlds tree fruits. In Pakistan also, citrus fruits are the most important fruit crops grown on the area of 160,000 hectares with production of 1.5 MMT annually.

Kinnow season starts in November and ends in March, a longer picking season than any other citrus variety. It is consumed direct as a fruit as well as juice (fresh & concentrates).

Some important facts about Kinnow:

- Juice: Kinnow contains about 48% - 52% juice which is more than the other friuits of citrus family.
- Vitamin A and C: Intake of one glass juice, daily during the season prevents Vitamin A and C deficiency. Three times more than other citrus fruits.
- Kinnow fruit is rich in limonin: Limonin in juice, seeds and peel fight six types of cancer and is anti HIV. It also lower cholesterol levels.
- Calcium: Compare to other citrus fruits, Kinnw contains 2 - 2,5 times more calcium which during, intake strengthens the human bones.
- Peel of kinnow fruit contains oil which is used in cosmetics. Application of dried and powered peel on face makes the skin glow.Kinnow fruit is rich in roughage which prevent constipations. It is very easy to peel.

Citrus Varieties:
Following are the main commercial varieties:
Sweet Orange: Mausami, Red Blood,
Mandarins: Clementine (frooter) and Kinnow
Grape Fruit: Grape fruit
Lemon: Eureka, Lisbon Lemon and rough Lemon
Lime: Kaghzi Lime and Sweet Lime